Ever since Zack Snyder’s “300” at the latest, Sparta has been a household name for the general public. The 300 Spartans, who are literally bred into fighting machines through rigorous training from childhood onwards, have permanently shaped the image of the ancient polis. The adjective “Spartan”, which is still used today to describe particularly harsh or meagre conditions, testifies to the fact that Sparta was already known at least in parts of the population outside the guild of historians. n this paper, the training, education and upbringing system of the Spartans, the so-called Agoge (literally “rearing” (Thommen 20172, p.108)), will be presented in detail and compared with the education of young Athenian men, including the Ephebeia, a kind of military “basic training”, which is surprisingly similar to the Agoge in some features.
As some of you may have noticed, some major changes have been made to the website. Apart from the additional content in form of blog posts, which amounts to over 40,000 words, 12 new pages with introductions to the various topics discussed on this blog have been added. These include: History, a page which offersContinue reading “Complete Website Overhaul”
Some languages are claimed to be more ancient than others, but realistically all languages descend from earlier stages of the same language and eventually proto-languages. Because of this, asking for the oldest word within a language doesn’t make sense. We can ask, however, what the oldest recorded word is.
The ancient Greeks hold a special place within the history of Europe and the west, as the cradle of civilization, philosophy and science. But where did this sophisticated people come from?
Spätestens seit Zack Snyders „300“ ist Sparta der breiten Öffentlichkeit ein Begriff. Das Training von Sparta’s freien Männern als Soldaten begann schon in der Kindheit mit der berühmt-berüchtigten Agoge. Aber auch andere Stadtstaaten, sowie Athen, legten mit der Ephebie Wert auf die militärische Ausbildung ihrer jungen Männer.
.R.R. Tolkien’s Middle Earth has fascinated generations of readers. This article seems to examine some of the influences on his works, such as the Icelandic Sagas and Old English Poetry, such as Beowulf.
Deutsche Kriegsgefangene in Großbritannien wurden größtenteils gut behandelt, anders als es deren Kameraden auf dem Festland nach Kriegsende erging.
The Second World War was the most devastating conflict in human history. All sides suffered horrendous casualties, but not all of those belonged to the dead or the wounded. Many, in fact, the vast majority, were taken captive and had to be taken care of, which put a massive administrative burden on the belligerent nations. This article seeks to examine the fate of German POWs in British hands during and beyond the War.
Justice in Aristotle’s philosophy differentiates between general and particular justice, the latter of which can be divided further into distributive and equalising justice.
Gerechtigkeit ist eine von Aristoteles komplexeren Tugenden, welche grob in generelle und partikulare Gerechtigkeit unterteilt werden kann. Letztere kann noch in distributive und ausgleichende Gerechtigkeit unterteilt werden.
What is the High German Consonant shift and where did it come from? Some evidence points to the Lombards of Northern Italy.
Der Ursprung des älteren Futhark ist bis heute ungeklärt. Als mögliche Inspirationsquellen gelten vor allem die lateinischen und nordetruskischen Alphabete.
Originally posted on Tattúínárdǿla saga:
A long time ago, in a North Atlantic far far away… Introduction Earlier this week I was drawn into an enlightening discussion with my colleague Ben Frey about the complicated textual tradition that lies behind George Lucas’s “Star Wars,” which few outside the scholarly community realize is…
The origin of the Elder Futhark is still disputed. The Roman alphabet appears to be a significant inspiration but fails to explain all it’s oddities.
Where did the Ancient Celts originally come from? A comparison of the linguistic, archaeological and genetic evidence.
This is just a little update on the blog and what’s been happening with it over the last few weeks. After running European Origins for almost a year and having had a blog prior to this I decided to dedicate to this website, more so than I have done in the past. I purchased theContinue reading “Thank You!”
The myths and legends of the Proto-Indo-Europeans have influenced the world like no other be it through the great Greek Classics, the Icelandic Sagas or the Indian Vedas. But what exactly did they themselves believe in and how did they practice their faith?
Originally posted on Kristyn J. Miller:
Epic poems have incredible staying power both as literary achievements and as historical resources. The Anglo-Saxon epic Beowulf is one of the foremost examples of this. Despite its mythological themes, the story offers historians a rare insight into Anglo-Saxon ideals of masculinity, heroism, and society. At the same time,…
What did the Proto-Indo-Europeans look like? The facial reconstruction of remains of the Yamnaya culture tries to answer that question.
How did the Indo-European languages spread throughout Eurasia? A brief overview of linguistic and genetic evidence.
Ragnarok describes the end of the world in Norse Mythology. Or does it really? Not only the world itself is reborn after its destruction, but one of the gods as well. Could this be an indication for reincarnation in Germanic myth or perhaps even evidence for a pan-Indo-European phenomenon of rebirth?
The Indo-European language family tree consists of several major and minor branches, among them Anatolian, Indo-Aryan, Hellenic, Italic. Celtic, Balto-Slavic and others.
Ancient Sparta is known for its exceptionally tough and militaristic society. But where did it come from? The answer may lie within Proto-Indo-European society.
Report on the ‘Martin Burr Fund’ grant offered for a monograph on the Norse God Loki written by Riccardo Ginevra (Center for Hellenic Studies, Harvard University) The historical and comparative approach to Indo-European poetic language and myth has developed greatly in the second half of the 20th century, particularly thanks to the efforts of, among […]Continue reading “How linguistics helps us reconstruct ancient fire mythology — The Philological Society Blog”
Is Hinduism the last surviving remnant of Proto-Indo-European religion? In a way the answer to this question is yes and no.
How to spend your time productively during lockdown if you’re into history.
All societies have their own, unique story of creation, some of which we may be more familiar with than others. The ancient Greeks believed that in the beginning there was Chaos, the Norse that there was Ginnungagap, ‘the big gap’ of nothingness between the forces of fire and ice. But what if these myths, together with a few others across the Eurasian continent, had a common, Proto-Indo-European origin?
Western society is often thought of as profoundly patriarchal, capitalist and power hungry, as has been shown multiple times throughout history. But how deep these traits run within our ancestry has only come to light within the last few decades with the reconstruction of Proto-Indo-European society.
How useful is Living DNA to determine ancestry from outside the British Isles? This review deals with German autosomal admixture in particular.
The Germanic languages include English, Dutch, German and the Scandinavian languages and descend from Proto-Germanic, spoken by the Iron Age Tribes of Northern Europe.