Ever since Zack Snyder’s “300” at the latest, Sparta has been a household name for the general public. The 300 Spartans, who are literally bred into fighting machines through rigorous training from childhood onwards, have permanently shaped the image of the ancient polis. The adjective “Spartan”, which is still used today to describe particularly harsh or meagre conditions, testifies to the fact that Sparta was already known at least in parts of the population outside the guild of historians. n this paper, the training, education and upbringing system of the Spartans, the so-called Agoge (literally “rearing” (Thommen 20172, p.108)), will be presented in detail and compared with the education of young Athenian men, including the Ephebeia, a kind of military “basic training”, which is surprisingly similar to the Agoge in some features.Keep reading
As some of you may have noticed, some major changes have been made to the website. Apart from the additional content in form of blog posts, which amounts to over 40,000 words, 12 new pages with introductions to the various topics discussed on this blog have been added. These include: History, a page which offers…Keep reading
Some languages are claimed to be more ancient than others, but realistically all languages descend from earlier stages of the same language and eventually proto-languages. Because of this, asking for the oldest word within a language doesn’t make sense. We can ask, however, what the oldest recorded word is.Keep reading
Spätestens seit Zack Snyders „300“ ist Sparta der breiten Öffentlichkeit ein Begriff. Das Training von Sparta’s freien Männern als Soldaten begann schon in der Kindheit mit der berühmt-berüchtigten Agoge. Aber auch andere Stadtstaaten, sowie Athen, legten mit der Ephebie Wert auf die militärische Ausbildung ihrer jungen Männer.Keep reading
.R.R. Tolkien’s Middle Earth has fascinated generations of readers. This article seems to examine some of the influences on his works, such as the Icelandic Sagas and Old English Poetry, such as Beowulf.Keep reading
European Origins was started as a student project in the summer of 2019. Since then it has grown steadily, both in terms of content, as well as in popularity. The contents published here mainly fall into the category of history and prehistory, revolving around relatively early Indo-European speaking populations in Europe, such as the early…Keep reading
Auf dieser Seite können alle Artikel, welche in deutscher Sprache veröffentlicht wurden, eingesehen werden. Bisher handelt es sich hierbei ausschließlich um Hausarbeiten, welche im Bachelor-Studium der Kulturwissenschaften geschrieben worden sind. Die anderen Artikel in englischer Sprache, welche auf dieser Website veröffentlicht worden sind und nicht Teil des Studiums waren, werden in der Zukunft unter Umständen…Keep reading
Philosophy has inspired kings, emperors, generals, scholars, and ordinary people throughout the ages. Some of them, such as the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius, have been philosophers themselves. Evidently, philosophy can help us understand the motives of individuals throughout history and thus can be an important asset for historical research. But what is philosophy? The area…Keep reading
Since the advent of the era of Enlightenment a few centuries ago religion, myth and spirituality have become ever less important in society. For ancient cultures mythology often provided the only answers to questions about human nature and the nature of the universe. Hence it shouldn’t be surprising, that gods and goddesses were of major…Keep reading
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