The Limes in the Germanic Provinces and Rhaetia during the Imperial Period – Gateway to a New World or Border Wall of Civilization?

1 Introduction The Limes in the Germanic provinces and in Rhaetia was long regarded in older research as a “bulwark against the barbarians” (Bakker 1997, p.111), as a border wall of the Imperium Romanum and thus as the border of the civilized world of antiquity against the Germanic “Barbaricum”. In recent decades, however, this viewContinue reading “The Limes in the Germanic Provinces and Rhaetia during the Imperial Period – Gateway to a New World or Border Wall of Civilization?”

The Origins of the Ancient Greeks

An attempt at answering – in brief – the question of the origin of the Ancient Greeks from an archaeological, mythological and genetic approach.

The Origin of the Elder Futhark

The origin of the Elder Futhark is still disputed. The Roman alphabet appears to be a significant inspiration but fails to explain all it’s oddities. Perhaps the North Etruscan or Phoenician alphabets offer an alternative.

Origins and Culture of the Ancient Germanic Tribes

The origin of the ancient Germans (not to be confused with the modern Germans) is still debated, although somewhere between Northern Germany and Southern Scandinavia seems to be the most likely place. Bu where did the people inhabiting this area come from?

The Origin and Expansion of the Celtic Peoples

The Celts belong to the most mysterious of Europe’s inhabitants. Today, Celtic speakers are confined to the far northwest of the continent, in the past, however, much of Continental Europe spoke Celtic. Where did they come from and how did they manage to cover such a vast area?

The Ancient Italic Peoples

Before the expansion of Rome the Italian peninsula was inhabited by a variety of different, mostly Italic peoples, such as the Umbrians, Veneti and Semnintes. But they shared the peninsula with non-Italic peoples as well, such as Greeks in the South, Etruscans in the North and Celts further beyond.