The bulk of the information published on this website will be concerning the history of the early Indo-European speaking cultures of Europe with a special focus on the Germanic branch, although occasionally articles concerning other branches will be added as well. Another major point of research are the Proto-Indo-Europeans, the proposed speakers of reconstructed Proto-Indo-European, the ancestor to all Indo-European languages. From time to time articles concerning the most recent couple of centuries may be published as well and can be found in the category of Modern History. By clicking the headers or the images below, you will be taken to the pages concerned with their respective topics, where you will also find all articles dealing with the mentioned subjects. At the bottom of the page you will find a list of all historical articles published across all categories so far, in case you just want to browse.

The Proto-Indo-Europeans

The Proto-Indo-Europeans are the proposed speakers of the language ancestral to all Indo-European languages: Proto-Indo-European. What they called themselves, if there was any sense of belonging together at all, has been lost to history. We can reconstruct a surprising amount of information about the way they lived, however, using comparative linguistics and archaeology. Click one of the links above to find out more.

The Indo-Europeans

Sometimes the term “Indo-European” is used to describe the Proto-Indo-Europeans. On this website, however, it encompasses all Indo-European speaking populations, past and present, although the focus of research published here lies on the early Indo-European-speakers. Among others, the Germanic, Celtic, Hellenic, Italic, and Indo-Aryan branches belong to this group. More branches of the Indo-European language family may be added in the future, with additional information concerning their speakers. Click one of the links above to find out more about he early Indo-European-Speakers.

Modern History

Despite the fact that the focus of the content published here lies with the early Indo-European-speaking populations, articles concerning more recent historical events, including revolutions, wars, political events and episodes out of the daily lives of ordinary people may be published here from time to time. Click one of the links above to find out more.

Agoge and Ephebeia – Education and Military Training in Ancient Greece

Ever since Zack Snyder’s “300” at the latest, Sparta has been a household name for the general public. The 300 Spartans, who are literally bred into fighting machines through rigorous training from childhood onwards, have permanently shaped the image of the ancient polis. The adjective “Spartan”, which is still used today to describe particularly harsh or meagre conditions, testifies to the fact that Sparta was already known at least in parts of the population outside the guild of historians. n this paper, the training, education and upbringing system of the Spartans, the so-called Agoge (literally “rearing” (Thommen 20172, p.108)), will be presented in detail and compared with the education of young Athenian men, including the Ephebeia, a kind of military “basic training”, which is surprisingly similar to the Agoge in some features.

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What Is the Oldest English Word?

Some languages are claimed to be more ancient than others, but realistically all languages descend from earlier stages of the same language and eventually proto-languages. Because of this, asking for the oldest word within a language doesn’t make sense. We can ask, however, what the oldest recorded word is.

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German Prisoners Of War in Britain 1939-1948

The Second World War was the most devastating conflict in human history. All sides suffered horrendous casualties, but not all of those belonged to the dead or the wounded. Many, in fact, the vast majority, were taken captive and had to be taken care of, which put a massive administrative burden on the belligerent nations. This article seeks to examine the fate of German POWs in British hands during and beyond the War.

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Proto-Indo-European Religion

The myths and legends of the Proto-Indo-Europeans have influenced the world like no other be it through the great Greek Classics, the Icelandic Sagas or the Indian Vedas. But what exactly did they themselves believe in and how did they practice their faith?

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History through Poems: Examining Beowulf

Originally posted on Kristyn J. Miller:
Epic poems have incredible staying power both as literary achievements and as historical resources. The Anglo-Saxon epic Beowulf is one of the foremost examples of this. Despite its mythological themes, the story offers historians a rare insight into Anglo-Saxon ideals of masculinity, heroism, and society. At the same time,…

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